Smoking Meat BBQ: An Easy Guide for Beginners Smoking is a cooking method that sees the preparer applying heat indirectly to the meat. This is usually done by placing the meat over fire into a container and it is usually placed on a grill. Depending on the type of meat being prepared, there may be different things that need to be observed. Cooking times and preparation methods are two of the most popular things to consider in this regard. The heat sources that can be used for smoking the meat are wood, gas, electric or steam.